Fracking (Hydraulic Fracturing) 1-7 Citations

Last spring I did a pretty thorough look into fracking so here a copy. Necessarily due to the length it is broken into multiple parts. Here are the links for all parts: Fracking: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, Citations.

Works Cited:

United States. President (2009-: Obama), & Obama, B. (2011). Blueprint for a secure energy future. White House.

PHILLIPS, W. J. (1972). Hydraulic fracturing and mineralization. Journal of the Geological Society, 128(4), 337-359. – World Shale Map image

(November 13, 2012 Tuesday ). US to be world’s top energy producer. Financial Times (London, England), Retrieved from

United States, Energy Information Administration, (June 13,2013) Technically Re coverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries Outside the United States. (retrieved from

FracFocus Wells, Accessed on: April 2, 2014, layers from EPA, Skytruth, EIA, USGS and ESRI [].

PACWA’s List of the Harmed, Accessed on: April 2, 2014, layers from EPA and PACWA’s list of the harmed (5-16-2013), [].

Myers, T. (2012). Potential contaminant pathways from hydraulically fractured shale to aquifers. Groundwater, 50(6), 872-882.×444.jpg   Ground water/Shale overlay map.

Joshi, S. D. (1988). Augmentation of Well Productivity With Slant and Horizontal Wells (includes associated papers 24547 and 25308). Journal of Petroleum Technology, 40(06), 729-739.

Hubbert, M. K., & Willis, D. G. (1972). Mechanics of hydraulic fracturing.

Howarth, R. W., Ingraffea, A., & Engelder, T. (2011). Natural gas: Should fracking stop?. Nature, 477(7364), 271-275.

Davies, A. (2012). 4.0 Earthquake Caused by Fracking in Ohio Was Felt in Toronto. TreeHugger.

CETT, N. (2010). Learning how to not make your own earthquakes. Science, 25, 1624.

Engelder, T., Howarth, R. W., & Ingraffea, A. (2011). Should fracking stop? Extracting gas from shale increases the availability of this resource, but the health and environmental risks may be too high. Nature, 477(7364), 271+. Retrieved from

Osborn, S. G., Vengosh, A., Warner, N. R., & Jackson, R. B. (January 01, 2011). Methane contamination of drinking water accompanying gas-well drilling and hydraulic fracturing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108, 20, 8172-6.

Sandman, P. M., Rubin, D. M., & Sachsman, D. B. (1972). Media: An introductory analysis of American mass communications. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall.

Boudet, H., Clarke, C., Bugden, D., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., & Leiserowitz, A. (2014). “Fracking” controversy and communication: Using national survey data to understand public perceptions of hydraulic fracturing. Energy Policy, 65, 57-67.

Leaf v. EPA, 118 F.3d 1467 (11th Cir. 1997).

Cronkhite, L., Jollie, J., Harrigan-Farrelly, J., & Kobelski, B. (2004). EPA Update/Fluids Used in the Hydraulic Fracturing of Coalbed Methane Do Not Affect Underground Sources of Drinking Water. Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation, 24(3), 51-52.